Accounts of Passover Seders During the Civil War

This source was originally published in the Jewish Messenger in March 30, 1866 which was the eve of Passover and describes a Passover Seder in West Virginia during 1862.

Passover in the Camp

A Reminiscence of the War

The approaching feast of Passover, reminds me of an incident which, transpired in 1862, and which as an index of the times, no doubt, will prove interesting to a number of your readers. In the commencement of the war of 1861, I enlisted from Cleveland, Ohio, in the Union cause, to sustain intact the Government of the United States, and became attached to the 23d Regiment, one of the first sent from the "Buckeye State."
Our destination was West Virginia, — a portion of the wildest and most mountainous region of that State, well adapted for the guerillas who infested that part, and caused such trouble to our pickets through the war. After an arduous march of several hundred miles through Clarksburgh, Weston, Sommerville, and several other places of less note, which have become famous during the war, we encountered on the 10th of September, 1861, at Carnifax Ferry, the forces under the rebel Gen. Floyd. After this, we were ordered to take up our position at the foot of Sewell Mountain, and we remained there until we marched to the village of Fayett, to take it, and to establish there our Winter-quarters, having again routed Gen. Floyd and his forces.
While lying there, our camp duties were not of an arduous character, and being apprised of the approaching Feast of Passover, twenty of my comrades and coreligionists belonging to the Regiment, united in a request to our commanding officer for relief from duty, in order that we might keep the Holy Days, which he readily acceded to. The first point was gained, and, as the Paymaster had lately visited the Regiment, he had left us plenty of greenbacks.
Our next business was to find some suitable person to proceed to Cincinnati, Ohio, to buy us Matzos. Our sutler, being a co-religionist and going home to that city readily undertook to send them. We were anxiously awaiting to receive our מצות [matzot] and about the middle of the morning of ערב פסח [erev Pesach] a supply train arrived in camp, and to our delight seven barrels of Matzos. On opening them, we were surprised and pleased to find that our thoughtful sutler had enclosed two Hagodahs and prayer-books. We were now able to keep the סדר [seder] nights, if we could only obtain the other requisites for that occasion. We held a consultation and decided to send parties to forage in the country while a party stayed to build a log hut for the service. About the middle of the afternoon the foragers arrived, having been quite successful. We obtained two kegs of cider, a lamb, several chickens, and some eggs. Horse-radish or parsley we could not
obtain, but in lieu we found a weed, whose bitterness, I apprehend, exceeded anything our
forefathers "enjoyed." We were still in a great quandary; we were like the man who drew the elephant in the lottery. We had the lamb, but did not know what part was to represent it at the table; but Yankee ingenuity prevailed, and it was decided to cook the whole and put it on the table, then we could dine off it, and be sure we could have the right part. The necessaries for
the choroutzes we could not obtain, so we got a brick which, rather hard to digest, reminded
us, by looking at it, for what purpose it was intended.
At dark we had all prepared, and were ready to commence the service. There being no Chasan present, I was selected to read the services, which I commenced by asking the blessing of the Almighty on the food before us, and to preserve our lives from danger. The ceremonies were passing off very nicely, until we arrived at the part where the bitter herb was to be taken. We all had a large portion of the herb ready to eat at the moment I said the blessing; each eat his portion, when horrors! what a scene ensued in our little congregation, it is impossible for my pen to describe. The herb was very bitter and very fiery like Cayenne pepper, and excited our thirst to such a degree, that we forgot the law authorizing us to drink only four cups, and the consequence was we drank up all the cider. Those that drank the more freely became excited, and one thought he was Moses, another, Aaron, and one had the audacity to call himself a Pharaoh. The consequence was a skirmish, with nobody hurt, only Moses, Aaron and Pharaoh, had to be carried to the camp, and there left in the arms of Morpheus. This slight incident did not take away our appetite, and, after doing justice to our lamb, chickens, and eggs, we resumed the second portion of the service without anything occurring worthy of note.
There, in the wild woods of West Virginia, away from home and friends, we consecrated and offered up to the ever-loving God of Israel our prayers and sacrifice. I doubt whether the spirits of our forefathers, had they been looking down on us, standing there with our arms by our side ready for an attack, faithful to our God and our cause, would have imagined themselves amongst mortals, enacting this commemoration of the scene that transpired in Egypt.
Since then a number of my comrades have fallen in battle in defending the flag they volunteered to protect with their lives. I have myself received a number of wounds all but mortal, but there is no occasion in my life that gives me more pleasure and satisfaction than when I remember the celebration of Passover of 1862.
J[oseph] A. Joel

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